Unforgettable experience while
traveling in the past to days of pharos
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Glory and Decline
During the Memphite period of the Old Kingdom, it was only an obscure town known as Waset or the Scepter (Symbol of sovereignty)…. The power of Waset increased gradually, in 2060 B.C. Mentohotep, Prince of Waset, reunified Egypt and extended its sovereignty to Nubia… even when the Hyksos (asiatic tribes) invaded the Delta and Middle-Egypt in 1785 B.C., Waset did not submit… in 1580 BC. Ahmos, prince of Waset expelled the Hyksos, reunified Egypt and Waset became the capital of the New Kingdom, its god Amun became the supreme state god… during the next six hundred years, Egypt expanded to the south (Nubia and Kush) and to the east (the Euphrate banks), Waset reached the peak of the glory, the city of the one hundred gates: (luxurious palaces, huge temples, large gardens, trading centers, foreign embassies…) it became the cosmopolitan city of the Egyptian empire and the first city of the old world.
The decline started in 1095 BC, when the great priest of Amum (Herithor) seized the throne and declared himself pharaoh….
The divided Egypt weakened the Empire, strikes came from the south and the east until the Assyrians destroyed Waset in 665 BC leaving the glorious city in ruins. Waset remained forgotten during the periods of the Greek and Roman domination. When the Arabs conquered Egypt in 639, being impressed by the ruins of the palaces and temples in Waset, they named it "Aloksor" or the palaces known today as Luxor.
When Champollion discovered the secrets of the hieroglyphic language in 1822, attention was drawn to Luxor. Adventurers, archeologists and visitors started to come, Luxor became a tourist center, a book of history…
Explore the historic Luxor
Born more than 5000 years ago: Luxor is by far the largest museum in the world. Whenever you walk, you will experience the past and the present at the same time. Built for eternity in granite and sandstone, the tombs and the temples still stand surrounded by houses, markets and hotels. "In the City of the living" Luxor and Karnak temple greet the sunrise. In the "City of the dead" the sunset throws its shadows through the statues and the columns
City of the Living
Waset stretched along the eastern bank of the Nile, its houses and palaces did
not survive, only the houses of gods are still there: Karnak temple: The
largest temple in the world dedicated for Amun. The Pharaohs of the Middle
Kingdom built the oldest structures, the latest ones were added during the
Ptolemaic period. The most outstanding features are the White Chapel of
Sesostris I and the Great Hypostyle hall with its 134 huge columns. A long
dromos, lined by sphinx statues, connected Karnak temple to Luxor temple.
Lying 3 km to the south of Karnak temple was built for Mut. During the Opet (new
year festival), Amun headed the procession starting from Karnak temple and
joined his wife "Mut" in Luxor temple, the main structures were built by
Amenophis III and Ramses II Luxor markets: take you back to the middle ages.
Luxor museum: a very fine and exceptional pharaonic collection exhibited
elegantly Felouca: sail on the Nile to Banana island.
City of the Dead
On the western bank of the Nile, stretching parallel to Waset, lies the great
necropolis: Mortuary temples of the great pharaohs, hundreds of rocky tombs dug
in the mountains (Kings valley, Queens valley, Nobles tombs, workers tombs…)
away from the Nile and humidity: Valley of the Kings and Valley of the
Queens, contain the largest tombs dug deeply in the rocky mountains, the tombs
walls bear colored paintings and inscriptions showing the journey of the dead to
the underworld and his judgment, the tomb of Tutankhamun contains his mummy. The
best well-preserved tombs are those of: Queen Nefertari, Prince Amunhirkhopchef,
King Seti I, King Tutmoses III, King Amenophis II. Tombs of the Nobles and
the workers: The most beautiful tombs of Egypt, its paintings show every
aspect of life in Egypt during the period of the New Kingdom: Nakht (52), Menna
(69), Sennefer (96), Rekhmara (100), Mahou (57), Ramose (55), Sennedjem (1)
Hatchepsut's temple, unique in its style, 3 successive and overlapping
stories framed by the mountain.
It goes up the Nile to Aswan (220 KM to the south of Luxor) allowing the
passengers to enjoy the sceneries of the Egyptian campaign and to visit the
Ptolemaic temples: Esna, Kom Ombo and Edfu Edfu temple: the best well
preserved of all Egypt's temples, built 2325 years ago for the worship of the
god Horus. Kom Ombo temple: The only double temple in Egypt, all the
elements of the structure are doubled since it was built for the worship of two
gods: Haraeoris and Sobek
Total solar eclipse in Egypt a unique phenomena that
happens .... more
Appearance of the Dugong in Marsa Alam Don't miss
the chance to go their and see it yourself. more
Enjoy and feel the adventure
In Sinai, Oasis, Desert
Safari Make a safari in the egyptian
White Desert to see the nature and the mountains